"You have heard that it was said, An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. But I tell you, don't resist an evildoer. On the contrary, if anyone slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also." Matthew 5:38-39 HCSB
Jesus gives the fifth of His contrasting statements dealing with righteousness that goes beyond action to attitude and character. The ancient law stated a principle of limited retaliation that stressed justice over vengeance. The judicial punishment was to fit the crime and not to escalate the violence in vigilante style.