BATON ROUGE — Slug a referee at your child's sports game? You'll face jail time. Sixteen and trying to improve your tan? You'll have to head outside because minors are barred from the tanning bed. Want to snoop in your employee's social media accounts? You'll hit roadblocks.
Those are among 551 new laws on the books that take effect Friday, passed by lawmakers in the legislative session that ended in June.
Many laws are minor, like naming the mayhaw tree as Louisiana's official state fruit tree and offering new specialized license plates for U.S. Army Rangers, supporters of artist George Rodrigue, Louisiana "master gardeners" and NRA members.
Other new or rewritten statutes impact health care options, change educational programs and reach into people's everyday activities. Many of the laws focus on crime.
Louisiana's ban on cockfighting has been broadened to sweep in more types of birds and to criminalize the buying and selling of the spurs and knives used in the chicken-fights. Aiming a laser at an aircraft and flying drones over chemical plants are newly prohibited, carrying possible prison sentences for violators.
Jail time is now required for parents who attack referees at their children's football games, soccer matches and other athletic events. The bill by Rep. Cameron Henry, R-Metairie, set a minimum sentence of five days in jail — or 10 days if the referee is seriously injured.
Henry said referees in his parish asked for heightened penalties, to discourage such behavior and improve their safety.
"They just felt the existing fines weren't enough of a deterrent from parents going after referees at these events," he said during testimony on the bill.
A package of law changes were aimed at helping domestic violence victims in a state that leads the nation in domestic abuse deaths.
New bail restrictions have been added in domestic abuse cases, certain types of domestic abuse crimes have reduced eligibility for parole or probation and those convicted of domestic abuse battery won't be able to have a gun for a decade.
One of the more sweeping new laws reaches into Facebook and Instagram accounts.
Lawmakers have given new protections to personal email, social media and other online accounts, refusing to let employers and public schools, including colleges, demand access to the sites.
Firing or disciplining someone who refuses to provide the information is banned.
Rep. Ted James, D-Baton Rouge, pushed the law for two years before he got it passed.
In health care, lawmakers are allowing terminally-ill patients in the state to use experimental drugs or treatments not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, as long as the patients' doctors approve. The Right to Try Act was sponsored by Rep. Julie Stokes, R-Kenner.
"This reform restores dignity to our dying friends and family members, by giving them back the power to make decisions regarding their bodies, their health and their lives," Stokes said in a statement. "These are choices that should be left to patients and their doctors."
New disinfectant requirements have been added for public water systems after a killer amoeba was found in two systems. Anyone under the age of 18 now will be prohibited from using tanning beds, to lower skin cancer risks. Minors will have to get prescriptions for over-the-counter cough medicines that include an ingredient teenagers have been using to get high.
In education, students have to receive instruction on sexual assault prevention, schools have to provide new paths for special education students to receive a high school diploma and teachers can receive small gifts from students without running afoul of the ethics code.
A look at some new laws that take effect Friday
—ABORTION: People who work for abortion providers are prohibited from distributing health information at Louisiana's public schools.
—RIGHT TO TRY: Terminally-ill patients in Louisiana, with permission from their doctors, can use experimental drugs or treatments that haven't been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Insurers aren't required to cover the treatment.
—DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: Domestic abuse is now one of the grounds for immediate divorce in Louisiana. Abusers under a protective order are banned from possessing a firearm and those convicted of domestic abuse battery are prohibited from possessing a gun for a decade.
—DRIVING LAWS: Drivers who use handheld cell phones in school zones will face fines, if the school district has posted a sign saying such use is prohibited. Single-axle, two-wheeled trailers and boat trailers no longer require state inspections. Vehicle inspection stations can conduct their inspections in the rain.
—CIGARETTE LITTERING: Flicking a cigarette butt out of your car window can get you slapped with a hefty fine and community service. A first offense carries a $300 fine and eight hours of community service in a litter cleanup program.
—REFEREE ATTACKS: Parents convicted of battery of a school or recreation contest official face toughened penalties, a minimum sentence of five days in jail and at least 10 days if the referee receives a serious bodily injury.
—HOME BAKERS: Home-based bakers who sell to the public are exempt from sanitation rules that require commercial grade equipment. The exemption applies to home-based food makers who prepare baked goods, candies, honey, jams and jellies, pickles, sauces, syrups and spices, if their gross annual sales are less than $20,000.
—DRONES: People are prohibited from flying drones over petroleum and alumina refineries, chemical and rubber plants and nuclear power plants without property owner consent.
—COCKFIGHTING BAN: Louisiana's ban on cockfighting now mirrors laws that prohibit dogfighting in the state. The measure increased penalties for cockfighting convictions and criminalized the possession, manufacturing and selling of paraphernalia used to fight chickens.
—ACCOUNT PRIVACY: Employers, public schools and colleges in Louisiana are prohibited from demanding access to personal email, social media and other types of online accounts.
—TANNING BAN: Anyone under 18 in Louisiana is prohibited from using tanning beds.
—TEACHER GIFTS: Public school teachers can accept small gifts from their students, no more than $25 at a time, capped at $75 per year from one person.